Aside from the fact that Canada is the world’s second-largest country, it is also home to diverse cultures and heritages. This fascinating country has a land size of 9,984,670 square kilometers. Being an officially bilingual nation, Canada is indeed one of the most multicultural societies in the world. It became a self-governing nation in 1931 and had no powers to amend its own constitution up until 1982. With Ottawa City as the nation’s capital, over 80% of Canada’s population lives in urban areas, and paltry less than 20% of the population live in the rural areas of Canada. Canada is also the world’s rich source of freshwater lakes. It is home to the Great Lake, Great Bear, and Great Slave Lakes. Also, Canada borders some of the significant oceanic bodies, including the Pacific Ocean, The Arctic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. Canada is also known as one of the economically powerful nations with the highest numbers of educated people within its territory. However, did you know that the name Canada came about as a result of language misunderstanding? Below are the ten Facts about Canada you probably didn’t know.
Longest Coastline in the World
This is one of the fascinating facts about Canada. This magical country is not only the second-largest country in the world but also it has been dubbed as the country with the longest coastline. The Canadian coast stretches for an approximate distance of 243,790 kilometers. This distance is a combination of both the mainland coastline and the Island coastline. Apparently, it would take an average human being more than thirty years to cover the whole distance by walking. The Canadian government has put this beautiful coastline under the management of the Large Ocean Management Areas. This is to ensure that the creatures of ecological importance are well conserved, managed, and planned for. The Large Ocean Management Areas has been split into five main areas. They include; Placentia Bay, the coast of Bays, Great Northern Peninsula, Bay of Islands, and Bay St. George.
Canada Got Its Name From a Language Misunderstanding
The Huron-Iroquois word “kanata” means “village” or “settlement,” and this is where the name “Canada” likely comes from. In the 16th century, many explorers were on a mission to explore what they termed as the new world. This was the case for Jacques Cartier, a French man who as on a mission to explore the Northern part of America. On his second trip in 1535, Cartier was in a company of two Iroquoian men. He had taken them to France during his first voyage for them to learn interpretation. At the shore, on their way to the mainland, the two Iroquoians called to Carter and told him “Chemin de Kanata” meaning “here is the way to the village.” Carter thought he heard Canada and so he documented it describing not only the small town referred to by the two aboriginals but the entire Kingdom. He also named the territory controlled by chief Donnacona the Province of Canada.
It is alleged that when French men arrived in Canada and wanted the aboriginal to leave, the locals shouted: “cá nada” meaning “nothing here. The French people not understanding thought they meant the place was called Canada. As the country continued to be invaded by the British and the French, the new community wanted a collective identity. The British community preferred the name Quebec while the French resisted and wanted to use the name Canada. After a series of discussions, the British community gave in and adopted the name Canada. The name was officially adopted in 1867, 300 years after its inception. If it were not for the language misunderstanding, present-day Canada would have been called something else like Britannia, Transatlantic, Cabotia, Efisga, etc.
55,000 Insect Species
Being the second-largest country in the world, Canada has the most diverse and highest number of fauna. Canada is home to more than 55,000 insect species. The Canadian National Collection based in Ottawa boasts of harboring close to thirteen million insect specimens. Other specimens of historical value are held in various places. The University of Guelph houses a staggering 900,000 specimens. The University of British Columbia has 350,000 specimens, and the Nova Scotia contains 325,000 insect specimens.
In the bid to protect insect species of national and historical importance, Canada established the Entomological Society of Canada in 1951. The role of this society includes publishing the Canadian Entomologist, which has had more than 2,000 copies in circulation. This show the levels of importance insects have in Canada. The organization educates the Canadian public on the pest control system and the advantages of controlling the pest. The organization also conducts continuous research documenting each change and coming up with a solution that may threaten the existence of insects in Canada.
The Most Educated Country in the World
Most leaders from around the world dream to have the most educated citizens. This has come early for Canada. Canada has been ranked the country with the highest number of intellectuals. According to OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 56% of the Canadian adults achieved their post-secondary degree.
This astonishing figure beats the United States by 10%. To add, Canada prides itself in having nine of its universities ranked the world’s top 100 best universities. The world University rankings in 2019 placed the University of Toronto at position 21. The University of British Columbia at position 37 and McGill University at position 44. It is for this reason that the rest of the world has seen more than 16,000 international students make their way to Ontario, Canada in bid to quench the thirst for a better education system.
Invaded by the U.S. Twice
This is another fascinating and surprising fact about Canada. History has it that this beautiful country was invaded by the United States not once but twice. The struggle to be the economically powerful nation saw the two countries plunged in the deadliest stalemate in the 19th century. Apparently, after a series of provocations from the British, United States couldn’t hold their peace any longer and thus declared war on the presumed mighty nation in November 1812. Amazingly, the United States dispatched 7,000 army soldiers and among this group were a large number of amateur fighters who had no idea on how to fight an enemy. America won the battle the first round but was beaten to a pulp the second round. The first war was called off on the Christmas Eve of 1814 after both countries signed a peace treaty in present-day Belgium.
The Highest Number of Wild Bears
Every country prides in having different types of wildlife within its territories, and Canada is definitely not an exception. This fascinating country is home to the highest number of wild bears. The most common type of wild bear is the Black Bear that is scientifically named Ursus Americanus. According to the Fur Institute of Canada, an estimated 900,000 bears are living in Northern America, and 500,000 of this number are found in Canada. These bears live mostly in the forested areas of Canada with a little amount of them living close to human beings. However, the black bear has been marked as the most endangered species by the COSEWIC (committee on the status of endangered wildlife in Canada).
Happiest Country in the World
Being one of the coldest countries during winter hasn’t stopped the Canadians from wearing their happy faces. According to the United Nation’s World rankings on the happiest countries in the world, Canada made it to the list backing the top 10 feet. The 2019 results of the UN’s ranking saw Canada rank at position 9. However, the country dropped by two from position seven in 2018. The Canadians revealed that their happiness is as a result of excellent living standards, social support, freedom, and generosity. Surprisingly the superpower nations like the United States and Germany didn’t make it to the top 10 of the world’s happiest countries.
Friendliest Country in the World
Canada is not only one of the happiest countries in the world; it is also the most welcoming one. A research conducted by Inter nations revealed that Canada is one of the most welcoming and friendliest countries in the world. It was ranked position ten after a survey was conducted in 2018. According to the findings, it easy for an immigrant in Canada to make friends and feel at home as soon as he/she arrives in the country. The rate of ease of making new friends with the locals was found to be 43%, unlike in the United States, which stands at 35%.
10% Vegan Nation
A vegan is someone who does not consume meat products. Surprisingly Canadians are on their way to saving animals by going completely vegan. A research conducted by the Dalhousie University revealed that there are 2.3 million complete vegans and another 850,000 Canadians consider themselves vegan, making 10% of Canada’s population. This figure is a threat to the meat industries in Canada and restaurants with meat products in their product lines. Some of the factors considered to have contributed to this change of lifestyle are campaigns on the need to promote animal welfare, health statuses, and exorbitant prices on meat products.
Canadians Consumes 27,700,000 Hectoliters of Beer Per Annum
Beer is one of the widely consumed alcoholic drinks, and Canada is good at consuming this booze. Surprisingly, folks belonging to 18-34 age groups consume more beer in Canada than anyone else. The number of beer consumers is said to be growing with each passing year. This is some of the good news beer brewers love to hear. Statistics reveal that on average, a Canadian consumes a whopping 79 liters of beer each year. This translates to more than 27, 0000 hectoliters consumed by Canadians every year on average. To add, the research concluded that Yukon topped the least as the place with the highest consumption rate of beer.
Apparently, on average, a person living in Yukon consumes 134 liters of beer every year, translating to 374 bottles of beers annually. Newfoundland and Labrador follow at the second position with an average of 95 liters per person per capita. Lastly, Quebec and Alberta are in the fourth position, with an average of 88 and 84 liters, respectively. To add, the high consumption rate of beer in Canada has seen an increase in the number of breweries to meet the need for the commodity. In 2015 there were more than six hundred licensed breweries up from 310 licensed breweries making it more than 100% increase rate. Sadly, though, the price of this valued commodity keeps rising every year. The buying price of beer in Canada in 2015 went up by 4.7%, and in 2017, two major beer brewing houses raised the price rates by 2.4%. Surprisingly, no matter how the beer price skyrockets, the beer lovers in Canada continue to their love to it.